Konsep Manusia Unggul: Dalam Presefektif Tasawuf Al-Ghazali


  • Abdul Kodir Fakulas Tarbiyah dan Keguruan UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung


ma'rifatullah, takhalli, tahalli & tajalli, al-nafs al-muthma'innah


This paper discusses the human concept in Sufism of Imam al-Ghazali, analyzing the nature of humanity in Sufism of Imam Abu Hamid Muhammad al-Ghazali ath-Thusi ash-Shafi'I, which deserves to research. In addition, this figure is very influential in the Islamic world and the West, as well as he and his ideas are very influential in the development of Islamic scholarship. This study uses a library research approach to al-Ghazali's books and/or books written by others about his thoughts on humans and Sufism. From this study, it is found that the nature of human beings is an individual who is integrated with body and soul, who has a soul as a determinant of life and body as an umbrella of the soul. If the soul is clean (taqwa) then the body is clean (taqwa) and vice versa if the soul is dirty (dishonest) then the body is also dirty (dishonest). Human nature according to al-Ghazali is to be a ma'rifatullah. The attainment of the soul of ma'rifatullah must go through the first process, takhalli, the second one, tahalli and tajalli, the third one, al-nafs al-muthma'innah which has a calm and peaceful soul to always be with eternal substances.